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'''John Zerzan''' (, ; born 1943) is an American anarchism|anarchist and anarcho-primitivism|primitivist philosopher and author. His works criticize agricultural civilization as inherently oppressive, and advocate drawing upon the ways of life of hunter-gatherers as an inspiration for what a free society should look like. Some subjects of his criticism include domestication, language, Anarcho-primitivism#Critique of symbolic culture|symbolic thought (such as mathematics and art) and the concept of time. His six major books are ''Elements of Refusal'' (1988), ''Future Primitive and Other Essays'' (1994), ''Running on Emptiness'' (2002), ''Against Civilization: Readings and Reflections'' (2005), ''Twilight of the Machines'' (2008), and ''Why hope? The Stand Against Civilization'' (2015).
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